Ovarian cysts are fluid collections that form inside your ovaries. These sacs may contain liquid, fat, hair, or other types of tissue. Most women develop ovarian cysts at some point their lifetimes.
Although cysts are typically harmless and disappear over time, they can cause medical problems if they continue to grow or rupture or if they undergo cancerous degeneration or change.
Cyst formation is part of the normal functioning of the ovary but they can become problematic if they grow too large, break open or undergo cancerous change.
Follicles are the tiny sacs that contain a woman’s egg. They typically grow during your monthly menstrual cycles. Follicle sacs usually break open as they release an egg during ovulation. If normal ovulation doesn’t happen these cysts can continue to fill with liquid and cause intense pain if they twist or rupture.
Corpus luteum cysts are follicle sacs that didn’t dissolve after their egg was released. Instead of breaking down, corpus luteum cysts seal shut — trapping fluid and blood inside. This can cause internal bleeding or pain.
Most ovarian cysts don’t cause any symptoms and only become problematic if they grow larger or rupture. Symptoms of ovarian cysts can include the following:
Signs your ovarian cysts require immediate medical attention:
Before treatment begins, your doctor at the Center for Women’s Health performs a pelvic exam to determine if there’s swelling or pain in your ovaries. If your exam is abnormal, your doctor can obtain an in-office ultrasound to get a visual image that helps determine the location, size, and composition of your cyst and the best treatment options.
Ovarian cysts usually go away without medication. We may recommend a second ultrasound several weeks after the initial ultrasound to determine whether your cyst is growing or shrinking.
If your cyst continues to grow, your doctor may request additional tests to determine the origin of the cyst or prescribe medications like birth control pills to stop ovulation so that no more cysts develop. The removal of large, bleeding, or severely painful ovarian cysts may require surgery.
Call or schedule an appointment to learn more about ovarian cyst treatment options at the Center for Women’s Health.
We accept the majority of health insurance plans. Please contact your insurance provider to verify we are in network with your specific insurance plan.
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